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Dumaitic [formerly called 'Jawfian'] is the alphabet which seems to have been used by the inhabitants of the oasis known in antiquity as Dūma and later as Dūmat al-Jandal and al-Jawf. It lies in northern Saudi Arabia at the south-eastern end of the Wādī Sirḥān which leads up to the oasis of Azraq in north-eastern Jordan. According to the Assyrian annals Dūma was the seat of successive queens of the Arabs, some of whom were also priestesses, in the eighth and seventh centuries BC. The Assyrian king Sennacherib carried off images of six of its deities, three of whom (ʿAtar-Samain, Ruḍay, and Nuhay) are mentioned in the ANA inscriptions, including the Dumaitic. At present, only three graffiti are known in the Dumaitic script which has features which clearly distinguish it from the other ANA alphabets.

A Dumaitic graffito with a prayer to the deities Ruḍay, Nuhay and ʿAtar-Samain. F.V. Winnett & W.L. Reed, Ancient Records from North Arabia. Toronto, 1970, p. 80, no. WTI 23.

The Online Corpus of the Inscriptions of Ancient North Arabia,
The Khalili Research Centre, The University of Oxford,
3 St John Street, Oxford OX1 2LG, UK
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